(Arabic: جمهورية السودان Jumhūrīyat as-Sūdān), is a country in north-east Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia, to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa. The River Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves. Its predominant religion is Islam.

Sudan was home to numerous ancient civilizations, such as the Kingdom of Kush, Kerma, Nobatia, Alodia, Makuria, Meroë and others, most of which flourished along the Nile. During the pre-dynastic period Nubia and Nagadan Upper Egypt were identical, simultaneously evolved systems of pharaonic kingship by 3300 BC. By virtue of its proximity to Egypt, the Sudan participated in the wider history of the Near East inasmuch as it was Christianized by the 6th century, and Islamized in the 15th. As a result of Christianization, the Old Nubian language stands as the oldest recorded Nilo-Saharan language (earliest records dating to the 9th century). Sudan was the largest country in Africa and the Arab world until 2011, when South Sudan separated into an independent country, following an independence referendum. Sudan is now the third largest country in Africa (after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and also the third largest country in the Arab world (after Algeria and Saudi Arabia).

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Latest News for: Sudan capital

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South Sudan referendum "a success"

Afrol News 28 Feb 2021
Both the UN and international election observers hail last week's referendum on independence in South Sudan as a success ... Mr Mkapa's spokesman added the process of transmitting the results from nearly 3,000 referendum centres to county and state levels, and then to South Sudan's capital, Juba, and Khartoum, the national capital has started.
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Rush to recognise South Sudan

Afrol News 28 Feb 2021
Headed by the US and (north) Sudan, there is an international rush to announce that South Sudan will be recognised as an independent state as soon as independence is declared in July ... The White House statement followed yesterday's immediate positive reaction from Khartoum, the capital of what is becoming North Sudan.
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Hamdan bin Rashid orders establishment of new digital library at International University of Africa

Urdu Point 28 Feb 2021
A delegation from the foundation, led by Al Sayegh, visited the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, where they were received by Hamad Mohammed Humaid Al Junaibi, UAE Ambassador to Sudan and Director of the University ... bin Rashid Al Maktoum Schools in Africa, including 12 schools in Sudan.
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USA wants to snatch keys to Africa away from Russia

Pravda RU 26 Feb 2021
Russia and the United States are now sorting out relations in Sudan, where Moscow intends to build a new naval base.The new base will appear on the shores of the Red Sea, in Port Sudan. Russia signed a relevant agreement with Khartoum (the capital of Sudan) in late 2020.
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More aid on way to displaced people in West Darfur: UN

China.dot.org 25 Feb 2021
The acting humanitarian coordinator in Sudan, Axel Bisschop, recently visited West Darfur where he met with some of the 170,000 people displaced by the fighting last month, Dujarric said ... Plan for all Sudan, targeting 8.9 million people in need this year.
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Eritrea urges Sudan, Ethiopia to solve disputes in peaceful manner

China.dot.org 25 Feb 2021
This came as a high-level Eritrean delegation, composed of the country's Foreign Minister Osman Saleh and Presidential Adviser Yemane Ghebreab, met in Khartoum, the Sudanese capital, with the Chairman of Sudan's Sovereign Council Abdul Fattah Al Burhan, as well as Sudan's Prime ...
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South Sudan’s Other War: Resolving the Insurgency in Equatoria

Reliefweb 25 Feb 2021
Why does it matter? On-and-off fighting is cutting a swathe of destruction in Equatoria, including south and west of the capital Juba, displacing hundreds of thousands of people into neighbouring countries and obstructing South Sudan’s path out of war and toward a more viable future.
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South Sudan’s Other War: Resolving the Insurgency in Equatoria - Crisis Group Africa Briefing N°169 | 25 February 2021

Reliefweb 25 Feb 2021
Why does it matter? On-and-off fighting is cutting a swathe of destruction in Equatoria, including south and west of the capital Juba, displacing hundreds of thousands of people into neighbouring countries and obstructing South Sudan’s path out of war and toward a more viable future.
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Middle Eastern winds blow into Africa

Independent online (SA) 25 Feb 2021
Leaders of African states who sincerely would like a peaceful solution to the conflict and perhaps contribute to negotiations are making overtures to the Jewish state, by normalising ties like Sudan and Morocco or moving their embassies to the capital, Jerusalem, like Malawi and Equatorial Guinea ... This is the African question ... .
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Why the world's newest country has only ever known war

Business Insider 23 Feb 2021
REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic South Sudan is only 10 years old, but it has already been through years of fighting that killed and displaced millions ... A mere two years after thousands thronged the streets of the capital, Juba, to celebrate independence from Sudan's autocratic rule, the country descended into a brutal civil war.
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The Rebels Come to Khartoum: How to Implement Sudan’s New Peace Agreement

Reliefweb 23 Feb 2021
Sudan’s October 2020 peace agreement, involving the interim government and rebel movements in Darfur and the Two Areas, among others, is an important step in the country’s transition after the ouster of former President Omar al-Bashir ... The talks took place in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, leading to an accord on 3 October 2020.
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The Rebels Come to Khartoum: How to Implement Sudan’s New Peace Agreement - Crisis Group Africa Briefing N°168 | 23 February 2021

Reliefweb 23 Feb 2021
Sudan’s October 2020 peace agreement, involving the interim government and rebel movements in Darfur and the Two Areas, among others, is an important step in the country’s transition after the ouster of former President Omar al-Bashir ... The talks took place in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, leading to an accord on 3 October 2020.
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Sudan Devalues Currency in Hopes of Righting Economy

Voa News 22 Feb 2021
Sudan's central bank has sharply devalued its currency, the Sudanese pound, in an attempt to get debt relief, crack down on the black market, and attract money back to the country ... Sudan's annual inflation rate is more than 300%, one of the world’s highest, and sparked protests over the struggling economy.
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